Whether or not they intended to, and even when they had no idea they were doing so, many punk bands have created music and caused events that would shape the face of music. Here are some of the more important events.
1964-1969: It's All About Detroit (And A Little Bit About New York)
In the mid to late '60s, Detroit and New York were laying the groundwork for punk rock with the formation of the MC5 and The Stooges in Detroit, and the Velvet Underground in New York. The Velvet Underground and Nico was released in 1967 and The Stooges' self-titled album and the MC5's Kick Out the Jams both hit the streets in 1969.
The three bands combined supplied future punk musicians with a mix of experimental noise and explosive passionate rock. This is what the first punk bands would build on.
1971: The New York Dolls Hit the Scene
1971 is the year that a rock band named Actress hooked up with a new singer named David Johansen, and they formed the New York Dolls. A blend of trashy glam rock and high-energy noise, they begin to catch everyone's attention.
They would eventually become Malcolm McClaren's first project. Years later, David Johansen will become better known as Buster Poindexter.
1972: The Strand
A few guys get together and begin playing together under the name of the Strand. They are pretty unremarkable, but two of the members, Paul Cook and Steve Jones, would go on to become half of the Sex Pistols.
1974: The New York Punk Scene Takes Off
1974 is the year that The Ramones, Blondie and the Talking Heads appeared on the New York Scene, playing in classic punk clubs like CBGB and Max's Kansas City.
1975: The Sex Pistols Play Out
The Sex Pistols make their first live appearance, and people are interested. They quickly take off from there. The band they open for is called Bazooka Joe. Bazooka Joe will fade away, but one of their members, Stuart Goddard, will go on to become Adam Ant.
1976: The Sex Pistols Spark the London Movement
A group of young punks inspired by the Sex Pistols will decide to start their own bands, and 1975 will see punk rock explode in London. Some of the bands that are forming up in this year are punk pioneers like The Buzzcocks, The Clash, The Slits, The Dead Boys, The Damned, The Jam, Siouxsie and the Banshees and X-Ray Spex.
The Sex Pistols launched their first tour, with The Clash and The Damned. The Anarchy Tour will be be ill-fated; most clubs, fearing violence, will cancel the tour dates.
1977-1979: The Appearance of American Hardcore
Inspired by the British Punk Scene, American hardcore punk bands will emerge. In a relatively short amount of time The Misfits, Black Flag, Bad Brains, The Dead Kennedys and a score of other American punk bands will make their debut.
This same span also covers the entire career of one of the most notorious figures in punk history. In 1977, Sid Vicious joined the Sex Pistols. By the end of 1978, the Sex Pistols had dissolved, and Sid Vicious was found dead from a heroin overdose in New York on February 1, 1979.
1980: American Hardcore's First Peak and Decline
1980 is the year that Penelope Spheeris made and released The Decline of Western Civilization, a documentary on American hardcore, featuring performance and interviews with Black Flag, Fear, The Circle Jerks and The Germs.
This was also the year that Darby Crash of the Germs would commit suicide on December 8, 1980, the day before John Lennon was killed. While Crash's death wasn't a direct factor, American Hardcore would begin to wane in popularity as the new tide of bands hit the scene.
The 1980s: '80s Pop Blurs the Boundaries
In the '80s, alternative music and '80s pop became the next wave of music. New wave and postpunk bands became the craze, and punk would take the back seat for a while.
Punk bands did continue to thrive on a smaller scale, though, and the '80s would still allow for several important bands to start their careers. In 1984, the appearance of NOFX, as well as the Offspring in 1985, signaled the beginning of a boom in pop punk.
While hardcore moved along a bit with Henry Rollins joining Black Flag in 1981 and the appearance of the Vandals in 1982, the face of punk was definitely changing. Mick Jones was kicked out of the Clash in 1983, and the Clash and Black Flag would both break up in 1986. There was a definite new class of bands moving in.
By 1988, American Hardcore was fading rapidly. It's salvation came with the formation of Epitaph records. Epitaph provided a new home for American Hardcore bands to release records, and ultimately, other hardcore labels would follow.